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Pakistan: A Country Of More Than 740 Million That Has Been Under The Shadow Of Corruption

 


According to statistics, the country's bureaucracy has some 5 million officials, one-fifth are employed by the federal government. There are several types of corruption:

1- Bribes

These occur in various forms. For example, the corrupt officials may pay bribes for certain items, such as tenders and contracts, or offer favors.

2-Corrupt officials

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Often give money to someone else for nothing. These cases are known as "corruption of exchange."

3-The criminal justice system and police

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often give bribes in order to obtain cash.

4-Often with corrupt officials

the briber can influence witnesses to act against him. This can lead to many people becoming involved in crime and criminal activity.

5-There are those who take part in corruption because they want to obtain something they need for their personal benefit or their own good. They could be from any political, religious and educational background. 6-The most common type of corruption is bribery.

The Pakistani criminal code is also used, which allows those who have committed a range of crimes to claim immunity for up to two years after committing the crime. Anyone found guilty of serious crime may receive death penalty. In Pakistan, the number of offences that constitute major crimes range from murder, rape, theft to drug trafficking. Over 50 percent of the population cannot read. Many Pakistani citizens live in poverty because the rate of unemployment is extremely high. Poverty exists among the poor and middle class Pakistanis mostly, but not all the rich are poor. People living in Pakistan have been targeted by organized crime. Therefore, the laws of the country provide protection from fraud and corruption.

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According to World Bank, Pakistan is ranked at 179th place in terms of economic development. However, there is a problem of corruption and abuse of power in the country. According to Transparency International, Pakistan ranks 177 out of 180 countries in its effort to fight graft and related acts. This situation may be worsened by the fact that few effective policies are implemented to combat this issue. Also, no international body can monitor the state's progress towards eradicating corruption. The National Police Act is one of the few laws that address corruption issues. It was introduced in 1988 and has provided more protections for law enforcement officers. This law states that anyone convicted of bribery or corruption will be held accountable for his actions.

In order to solve the problems of corruption in Pakistan, several measures need to be taken. One of them is to consider legal tender system. Pakistan's legal tender system regulates the supply of gold. Tender and payment mechanisms need to follow the set rules. This could reduce bribery, giving much greater freedom to the people and reducing corruption. Another approach to solving the problem. To make law enforcement agencies more transparent should be practiced, especially in instances of corruption. Every government agency should publish an annual report on its performance. Moreover, this would reveal how well laws address the core causes of corruption. Such reports are crucial for understanding government policy, making important decisions on what projects can go ahead. Thus, adopting such system could increase transparency in the sector and reduce the incidence of corruption, which might be beneficial in long term. Lastly, implementing reforms could play an essential role in ensuring accountability. Reforms include expanding the scope of existing laws and increasing flexibility of law enforcement agencies in a bid to curb bribery.

The biggest problem, however, is that none of Pakistani authorities seems capable enough to eliminate corruption. Only Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan can do something about it. With the help of some experts and specialists, he claims to be successful with creating a new strategy that addresses corruption in Pakistan and other developing nations.

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